"The 2016 budget announced an additional funding of $8.4 billion over five years for Indigenous people’s programs and services, primarily in education, health services, support to Indigenous children and families, languages, housing, and access to clean water (Department of Finance 2016). The 2017 budget provided additional funding of $3.4 billion over five years, primarily for infrastructure (Department of Finance 2017). The 2018 budget finally injected $4.7 billion in new funding for Indigenous infrastructure and services (Department of Finance 2018). The 2019 budget added 4.7 billion in new funding in the same areas as previous budgets while adding funds to create a National Council for Reconciliation and to reimburse or annul all loans for the comprehensive claim negotiations.
By adding up the last three Trudeau government budgets, we are obtaining a total of $21 billion in new funding over eight years. This may seem like a lot, but most of these investments are spread over many years, well beyond the current mandate. As some commentators have pointed out, the money will barely meet the needs, which have become quite colossal after years of neglect (Blackstock 2019). While there was an urgent need for infrastructure, the drinking water access issues on remote reserves are far from being resolved, as highlighted by the Parliamentary Budget Officer (PBO 2017). However, the last budget reinvested in this area and promised to eliminate the “Boil water advisories” on reserves within two years. Considering the latest budget announcements, the Trudeau government has largely delivered on its promises to reinvest in Indigenous communities’ services and infrastructure (promises 10.03, 10.05, 4.04, 4.06)." - Thierry Rodon and Martin Papillon, Chapter 13 : Renewing the Relationship with Indigenous Peoples: An Ambitious Discourse, Smaller Accomplishments in (ed.) Lisa Birch and François Pétry Assessing Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Government 353 PROMISES AND A MANDATE FOR CHANGE
June 21, 2019 - "Co-developed with Indigenous, provincial, and territorial partners, Bill C-92, An Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families will finally enshrine into law what Indigenous peoples across Canada have asked of governments for decades: to affirm and recognize their jurisdiction over child and family services" - Bill C-92 - An Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families receives Royal Assent (Given Royal Assent)
February 27, 2018 - "The Government is committed to fully implementing the orders of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal. To address the funding pressures facing child and family service agencies, while also increasing prevention resources for communities so that children are safe and families can stay together, Budget 2018 proposes to provide more than $1.4 billion in new funding oversix years, starting in 2017–18, for First Nations Child and Family Services. " - Equality Growth - A Strong Middle Class, Budget 2018-2019 - Government of Canada
March 22, 2017 - “Building on this commitment, Budget 2017 proposes to invest an additional $7 billion over 10 years, starting in 2018–19, to support and create more high quality, affordable child care spaces across the country. A portion of this investment will be dedicated to early learning and child care
programs for Indigenous children living on- and off-reserve.” - Building a strong middle class, Budget 2017-2018, p.132 - Government of Canada
March 22, 2016 - "To support both the immediate needs of First Nations children and to begin a process of reform to strengthen the First Nations Child and Family Services program, Budget 2016 proposes to invest $634.8 million over five years, beginning in 2016–17. [...] The Government recognizes that access to affordable, quality child care that is culturally appropriate is critical for Indigenous parents and children. Budget 2016 proposes to undertake urgent repairs and renovations of the facilities used by the Aboriginal Head Start On Reserve Program and the First Nations and Inuit Child Care Initiative through a proposed investment of $29.4 million in 2016–17. In addition, Budget 2016 proposes to provide $100 million in 2017–18 towards Early Learning and Child Care on reserve. The Government will be engaging with Indigenous organizations and parents to determine the best approach to delivering high quality early learning and child care on reserve as part of a new National Framework on Early Learning and Child Care. The proposed investments will complement the significant investments the Government is proposing to make in First Nations K-12 education. " - Growing The Middle Class, Budget 2016-2017, p.140 - Government of Canada
"On January 25-26, 2018, Canada hosted an Emergency Meeting on Indigenous Child and Family Services, bringing together over 300 First Nations, Inuit, and Métis child and family services technicians, experts, Chiefs, provincial and territorial Ministers in the realms of child and social services and policy representatives, and federal representatives from various departments. At the Emergency Meeting, Minister Jane Philpott announced Canada’s Commitment to six points of action to address the overrepresentation of Indigenous children in care... NOTE: This website provides a historical overview of this policy issue with chronologies of decisions by the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal and responses by the Canadian governement tht includes hyperlinks to key documents." - First Nations Child and Family Services - Assembly of First Nations