"The 2016 budget announced an additional funding of $8.4 billion over five years for Indigenous people’s programs and services, primarily in education, health services, support to Indigenous children and families, languages, housing, and access to clean water (Department of Finance 2016). The 2017 budget provided additional funding of $3.4 billion over five years, primarily for infrastructure (Department of Finance 2017). The 2018 budget finally injected $4.7 billion in new funding for Indigenous infrastructure and services (Department of Finance 2018). The 2019 budget added 4.7 billion in new funding in the same areas as previous budgets while adding funds to create a National Council for Reconciliation and to reimburse or annul all loans for the comprehensive claim negotiations.
By adding up the last three Trudeau government budgets, we are obtaining a total of $21 billion in new funding over eight years. This may seem like a lot, but most of these investments are spread over many years, well beyond the current mandate. As some commentators have pointed out, the money will barely meet the needs, which have become quite colossal after years of neglect (Blackstock 2019). While there was an urgent need for infrastructure, the drinking water access issues on remote reserves are far from being resolved, as highlighted by the Parliamentary Budget Officer (PBO 2017). However, the last budget reinvested in this area and promised to eliminate the “Boil water advisories” on reserves within two years. Considering the latest budget announcements, the Trudeau government has largely delivered on its promises to reinvest in Indigenous communities’ services and infrastructure (promises 10.03, 10.05, 4.04, 4.06)." - Thierry Rodon and Martin Papillon, Chapter 13 : Renewing the Relationship with Indigenous Peoples: An Ambitious Discourse, Smaller Accomplishments in (ed.) Lisa Birch and François Pétry Assessing Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Government 353 PROMISES AND A MANDATE FOR CHANGE
March 22, 2016 - "For many Indigenous peoples, language is an expression of nationhood and identity—a way to transmit values, beliefs and histories from generation to generation. The Aboriginal Languages Initiative invests $5 million per year to promote, preserve, and enhance Indigenous languages. Budget 2016 proposes to extend funding for the initiative to 2016–17. The Government will work with Indigenous groups to consider how to best support Indigenous language and culture beyond 2016–17." - Growing The Middle Class, Budget 2016-2017, p.145 - Government of Canada